What Does “Waste” in Government Mean Anyway?

Routine is practice in the US Federal Government to see placards and signs cautioning employees to be award of instances of “Fraud, Waste, and Abuse (FWA).”  Numerous  offices are dedicated to the charge of expanding the consciousness and reporting FWA violations. Fraud is pretty well understood and is covered in law and regulation.  Abuse is covered in a similar way but is captured under ethical standards.  Both Fraud and Abuse have penalties for engaging in such behavior, yet Waste is left unattended. Waste, for the most part is in the eye of the beholder.  One person’s waste is another person’s necessity, so… who is correct?  This article will help practitioners and academics increase their understanding of fraud, waste, and abuse.  Tools to address waste are introduced.  Also, this document provides a focus on effective countermeasures to mitigate waste that can naturally occur without attention to process.
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Increasing Concern about Access to Higher Education, and Matriculation

Receiving a college education, developing one’s competencies and continuing lifelong learning is consistently met with fear as the cost of education continues to rise.  Educational institutions are combating these high costs with distance education.  In a study, 69.1 percent of chief learning officers indicated that online learning is very important to their long term strategies (Allen & Seaman, 2013). The number of learners taking at least one online course is increasing; on the other hand, face-to-face learning in higher education has slowed for the first time in 10 years (Allen & Seaman, 2013). Daniel de Vise, of the Washington Post, cites the number of enrolled non-traditional students as 40 percent (2011, para. 1).  How will faculty successfully facilitate this inter-generational mixture of learners: matured (x-1944), baby boomer (1945-1964), generation X (1965-1978) and generation Y (1979-1995) (Burton, 2007)?